A Resolution

November 12, 2002 Special Town Meeting

WHEREAS: We as a people and a nation must not retreat from our commitment to act as a constructive force within the community of nations. Human progress resides in the respect for international law and the sovereignty of nations. As the strongest of these nations, the U.S. has a special responsibility to uphold and abide by broadly supported principles of international behavior such as those laid out in the U.N. Charter; and

WHEREAS: The U.N. Charter decrees: 1. No nation can use military fo rce except in self-defense (arts. 39, 51); 2. The Security Council is the only body that can authorize the use of force (art. 24; ch. VII); & 3. Only the Security Council can decide what action can be taken to maintain or restore international peace and security. (art. 39); and

WHEREAS: We view with great alarm two major changes in U.S. foreign policy : a new policy of "preemptive" attack, and a concerted determination to act unilaterally in world affairs. Both policies are counter to a half-century of successes in establishing safeguards minimizing violence in the conduct of international relations; and

WHEREAS: We regret Congress' abdication of its responsibility, reminiscent of the shameful Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Congress must not give away the authority to determine when war is to be declared.; and

WHEREAS: The desire of people the world over is to feel safe and secure. The surest longterm path to safety and security, both domestic and foreign, is through collaborative efforts under international law - not through belligerence and unilateralism.

NOW, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the Brookline Town Meeting:

A. opposes any U.S. attack on Iraq until and unless (1) there is clear and convincing evidence of a serious and imminent threat of aggression by Iraq, and (2) the U.N. has determined that collective action is necessary against Iraq;

B. believes that, at this time, neither of these conditions has been met; and

C. requests that the Board of Selectmen transmit this resolution to our congressional delegation.

Passed by Brookline Town Meeting
Nov. 13, 2002
127 Yes -67 No -10 Abstaining.

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